1916 Congress And Muslim League Agreement

November 27, 2020

Around the same time, in 1913, Jinnah finally joined the Muslim League. Remarkably, he remained at the same time a member of Congress, which he had joined in 1906. Much appreciated in the circles of Congress and the Muslim League, he was commonly known as “ambassador of Muslim Hindu unity”. Tilak and Jinnah had already worked together over the past decade. This is why a meeting between the two main political currents of India in 1916 led to the historic pact of Lucknow. There is another reason why the Lucknow pact has become a non-departure. After 1916, Tilak did not live long enough to give its contents a practical form. Jinnah, on the other hand, found herself away from the Congress party. In addition, his two main supporters of the Congress, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Pherozeshah Mehta, both moderates who believed in the path of constitutional reform, died in 1915. The agreement was very remarkable and his dreams came true the whole political scenario of the Indian subcontinent was different. But it was impossible for the parties to make a united India. Hindus and Muslims are two different nations and they have a different culture and civilization.

Therefore, the Lucknow Pact did not allow long-term cooperation between Muslims and Hindus in India. The Lucknow Pact also helped to establish cordial relations between the two leading groups in the Indian National Congress – the “extremist” faction led by the Lal Bal Pal trio (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal) and the “moderate” faction of Gopal Krishna Gokhale until his death in 1915, who was later represented by Gandhi. [5] Although 20 years later, Jinnah supported his own nation for Muslims, he was a member of Congress and the Muslim League in 1916, he was a collaborator of Tilak and was celebrated as an “ambassador of Hindu Muslim unity”. [6] The Lucknow Pact was an agreement that took place in Lucknow in 1916 at the joint meeting of the two parties (Muslim League and Indian National Congress). In accordance with the pact, Congress and the League agreed to join their efforts to achieve their political ambitions. If we look back at India`s freedom movement, we see two important milestones when Hindu-Muslim cooperation reaches its peak. One of them was the War of Independence of 1857, when the two groups fought side by side against the “Company Rule” – the colonial advances of the East India Company – from Peshawar to Dhaka.

1916 Congress And Muslim League Agreement · November 27, 2020 · 7:45 am
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