What Is Agreement On Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures

April 15, 2021

In the context of a dispute over SPS measures, the group may seek scientific advice, including by convening a group of technical experts. If the body concludes that a country is not meeting its obligations under a WTO agreement, it will generally recommend that the country bring its measure into line with its obligations. That might involve. B procedural changes in the way a measure is applied, an amendment or elimination of the measure, or simply the elimination of discriminatory elements. All governments of WTO member states must have an investigative body, an office to counter and respond to requests for information on the health and plant health measures of these countries. These requests may be copies of new or existing regulations, information on relevant agreements between two countries, or information on risk assessment decisions. The addresses of the application points can be found here. Because GATT focused on tariff reductions, the framework before the SPS agreement was not sufficiently sufficient to deal with the problems of non-tariff barriers (NB) and the need for an independent agreement on this issue became critical. [4] The SPS agreement is an ambitious attempt to address NB due to cross-border differences in technical standards, without reducing the prerogative of governments to implement protection measures against diseases and pests.

[5] Although in the 47 years of previous GATT dispute resolution procedures, only one body has been sought to review health or plant health disputes, ten complaints about the new obligations were formally filed in the first three years of the SPS agreement. This is not surprising, because, for the first time, the agreement clarifies the basis for challenging health or plant health measures that limit trade and which may not be scientifically justified. The challenges included issues as varied as inspection and quarantine procedures, outbreaks, use-by data, the use of veterinary drugs in livestock, and disinfection treatments for beverages. Dispute resolution bodies were invited to review four of the complaints; other complaints have been or should be resolved after the mandatory bilateral consultation process. Health or plant health measures include all relevant laws, regulations, regulations, requirements and procedures, including, among other things, the criteria of the final product; Processes and production methods Testing, testing, certification and certification procedures; quarantine treatments, including relevant requirements for transporting animals or plants or materials necessary for their survival during transportation; provisions for statistical methods, sampling methods and risk assessment methods; packaging and labelling requirements that are directly related to food safety. Members notify of changes to their health or plant health measures and inform them of their health or plant health measures, in accordance with Appendix B. The SPS Committee, established by the SPS Agreement to ensure compliance with its implementation, has reviewed the operation and implementation of the agreement three times since it came into force in 1995.1 A report on the third revision shows that the SPS agreement has established an effective framework of rules governing trade measures. protect food security, plant health and animal health. Many governments have enshrined the main obligations of the SPS agreement in their national rules.

They first consider whether the application of one of the relevant international standards2 could provide the level of health protection that the country deems appropriate and, if not, base their application on an assessment of the health risks associated with the trade in the product.

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