Algiers Agreement Of 1975

September 10, 2021

The agreement signed here invited the foreign ministers of the two countries to meet in Tehran, the Iranian capital, to prepare a controversial border demarcation by a joint commission. On March 15, 1975, the Iraqi and Iranian Foreign Ministers met with Algerian representatives to create a joint committee to mark the new border. [14] The protocol between the two countries was signed on March 17 by the two foreign ministers. The protocol states that both countries commit to redefining the border. After the Baath Party controlled the government, Iraq demanded in 1968 full control of Shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud). [7] On April 19, 1969, Iran withdrew from the 1937 agreement signed between Iraq and Iran to resolve border issues, arguing that Iraq was imposing Iranian boats in the Shatt al-Arab. [8] In April 1969, both armies were deployed on the shores of the Persian Gulf. After Iran took control of four islands in the Persian Gulf, diplomatic relations between Baghdad and Tehran deteriorated significantly. [7] Iraq encouraged the Arabs of Khuzestan to rebel against the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Iraq has also driven all Iranians out of Iraq. [8] Iran supported the Kurds in the Iraqi-Kurdish war with military equipment and funding. Mustafa al-Barzani met with US government officials to secretly support the Kurds, further weakening the Iraqi position, made even more complicated by the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War.

Iraq has now had to appease Iran, fearing that Iran would attack it from the east, while most Iraqi forces were fighting on the Syrian front. [9] The 1975 Algiers Agreement (commonly known as the Algiers Agreement, sometimes the Algiers Declaration) was an agreement between Iran and Iraq for the settlement of disputes and conflicts related to their common border (such as the Shatt al-Arab, known in Iran as Arvand Rud) and served as the basis for the bilateral agreements signed on June 13 and December 26, 1975. The deal was supposed to end differences between Iraq and Iran over their borders on the Shatt al-Arab and Khuzestan waterways, but Iraq also wanted to end the Kurdish rebellion. Less than six years after the treaty was signed on September 17, 1980, Iraq cancelled the treaty, but under international law, a nation cannot unilaterally withdraw from a previously ratified treaty and the treaty did not contain any clause providing for unilateral withdrawal. On March 6, 1975, Iranian leader Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and Saddam Hussein, then Iraq`s vice president, signed the Algiers Agreement, which focused mainly on two key issues: the delimitation of land and river borders and the exercise of strict border controls. Iran itself has threatened to withdraw from the deal if EU powers do not protect its economic benefits. The deal was contained in a joint statement signed by the Shah of Iran and Saddam Hussein, vice president of Iraq`s left-wing junta. The communiqué called for “a definitive and lasting solution to all problems” between their countries.

In May 1974, Iraq and Iran began to mark the border between them. . . .

Algiers Agreement Of 1975 · September 10, 2021 · 7:50 pm
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